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How to Clean
Jewelry experts swear that this homemade concoction works as well as chemical cleaners do: In a large bowl, mix 2 parts dish soap and 10 parts warm water. Soak jewelry for 3 hours, then gently scrub with a soft, clean toothbrush. (This method is also safe for any pieces with diamonds.) Rinse in hot water. Dry thoroughly with a microfiber cloth, then polish with a jewelry cloth (available at most jewelry stores). Repeat as often as needed. And rejoice, squeaky-clean types: You can’t overclean gold. See our video for a demonstration of how to clean gold jewelry.
How to Maintain
Ideally you should take gold pieces to a jeweler annually to have them checked for loose parts. And while you’re there, get them steamed and buffed until they’re super shiny.
How to Store
Your jewelry should be the last thing you put on in the morning and the first thing you take off at night. That way, your necklace won’t get spritzed with perfume and your earrings won’t get caught in your clothes. To prevent scratches and tangles, separate pieces on velvet-lined trays, in boxes with compartments, or in small zippered plastic bags.
3 Common Problems, Solved
- A knotted chain: First, undo the clasp. Next, dab olive oil on the knot and lay the chain on a flat surface. Using two pins, set
to work untangling the knot. Then clean the chain using the method above.- A broken chain: Take it to a professional, who will solder the pieces together and add more gold as necessary. The price
depends on the complexity. Simple solderings start at $20.- Scratches: Cleaning and polishing with a jewelry cloth will minimize the appearance of scratches. To remove a deep mark,
seek out a pro. Prices start at about $35.
TIPS ON CARING FOR JEWELRY
Careful cleaning and caring for your jewelry means you will enjoy its beauty forever. Courtesy of Omi Privé. Jewelry is one of our most intimate and cherished accessories. Understanding how to care for and protect your treasured jewelry can make a world of difference in maintaining its beauty and keeping your heirlooms sparkling for generations to come.
BE CAREFUL WITH LIGHT AND HEAT
IJust as the sun’s harmful rays can damage our skin, light and heat can affect a colored gemstone’s durability and color. Over time, and in excess, they can also fade or damage some gemstones, such as amethyst, kunzite, topaz and shell cameos. Pearls and other delicate materials, such as ivory, will bleach under extreme exposure to light. Other gems, especially amber, can darken over time when exposed to too much light. Vintage jewelry, such as this French 18K yellow gold and diamond feather brooch, circa 1860, should be handled delicately and can be cleaned with just water and a soft, lint-free cloth. Photo by David Behl, © Janet Mavec & GIA. Excessive heat and sudden temperature changes may also fracture some gems. Heat can easily remove the natural moisture these gems need to keep their beauty. Pearls, for instance, can dry out, crack and discolor. Opals can turn white or brown, develop tiny cracks, and might lose their play-of-color.
KEEP YOUR JEWELRY AWAY FROM CHEMICALS
Exposure to chemicals can damage or discolor precious metals – gold, silver and platinum – and may harm some colored gems. Even everyday substances like hairspray, lotion, perfume or other cosmetics can contain chemicals that will permanently damage the surface of your pearls and other delicate or porous gems (like turquoise). Fine jewelry should be removed before diving into a chlorinated swimming pool or before using household cleaners. Many of these cleaners contain ammonia, which can be too harsh for delicate gems or vintage jewelry. Chlorine bleach, another common household solvent, can pit or damage gold alloys.
GIVE TREATED GEMS SPECIAL CARE
Many colored gemstones are routinely treated to improve the appearance of color and clarity. These treatments can be negatively affected by heat, solvents, steam and ultrasonic cleaners. Knowing whether your gem has been treated is the first step to knowing how to care for it. This is where a GIA report comes in – it contains important information about your gem and any detectable treatments it may have undergone.
USE ULTRASONIC CLEANERS WITH CAUTION
While you can purchase a professional ultrasonic cleaner for $150 or less, you should be aware that not all gems and jewelry can be safely cleaned in it.
Ultrasonic cleaners should not be used to clean:- Gemstones with surface-reaching breaks that have been filled with a substance such as oil, resin or a glass-like material.- Organic gem materials such as pearls, coral, ivory, oramber.- Gems that have been coated with a non-permanent substance like plastic or wax.
- Some heat-treated gemstones.- Gems that are susceptible to heat and temperature changes whether they are treated or not. Some of these gems includetanzanite, feldspar (sunstoneandmoonstone), fluorite, iolite, kunzite, lapis lazuli, malachite, opal, Topaz, turquoise, zircon and others.
What’s more, the vibration generated by the machine can sometimes shake gems loose or chip gems that are set with their girdles touching.
This type of cleaning is best left to jewelry professionals who know about different gem materials and understand when and how to use the ultrasonic cleaner safely.
THE SAFEST CLEANING METHODS ARE ALSO THE EASIEST
Most colored gems can be cleaned with warm water, mild dish soap (no detergents) and a soft brush. A pulsed-water dental cleaning appliance and a soft, lint-free cloth can also be used. Be sure to rinse your jewelry in a glass of water to remove cleaning solutions since you risk losing loose stones – or even an entire piece of jewelry - if you rinse directly in the sink. Soft gems, such as pearls, on the other hand, can easily scratch. Use a new, clean makeup brush and warm, soapy water to softly clean them. Lay a strand of pearls on a towel to dry. The wet silk thread can stretch − and attract dirt − so don’t touch your strand until it is completely dry. Pearls worn often should be restrung once a year.Pearl earrings, such as these American 14K gold, diamond and cultured pearl earrings, should be cleaned using an unused makeup brush and warm, soapy water. Photo by David Behl, © Janet Mavec & GIA.
SAFELY STORE YOUR JEWELRY
Proper jewelry storage is often overlooked. Jewelry should never be tossed into a drawer or on top of a dresser − that’s asking for scratches and damaged gems.
Most jewelry pieces come in a box or pouch from the store, which is a perfect place to keep them. Sterling silver, for example, should be kept in an anti-tarnish bag or cloth. Jewelry boxes that feature individually padded slots for rings and posts for hanging necklaces and bracelets are also ideal. Pearls and opals draw moisture from the air, so storing your opal or pearl jewelry in a dry area, such as a safe deposit box, can sometimes do more harm than good. When traveling, protect your jewelry pieces from scratches or other impact damage by padding it in a separate box or case. Many jewelry stores offer free check-up or professional cleaning at scheduled intervals: Jewelry should be checked every six months and cleaned frequently. Look for a jeweler with professional training and a good reputation – asking friends or relatives for recommendations is a good place to start.
The Best Ways to Take Care of Gold Jewelry
While silver may have risen above gold in popularity in recent years, there’s no doubt that gold is a timeless jewelry metal that will never go out of style. Whether you have just a few gold pieces or most of your jewelry box is dominated by gold, these tips will help ensure that your favorite jewelry pieces last a lifetime.
DAILY WEARING TIPS
If treated right, gold jewelry should last for years. Here are a few things to keep in mind on a regular basis while wearing gold jewelry:- Gold is a soft metal: while gold has a shine and a luster all its own, it’s also a soft metal. This makes is susceptible to
dings, scratches, and dents. Be mindful of your gold rings, watches, and bracelets while you wear them and remove them
while playing any high-contact sports.- Chlorine is gold’s worst enemy: with repeated exposure, chlorine will weaken your gold jewelry’s structure and eventually
lead to it breaking. Make sure to take your jewelry off before getting in a pool or spa.- Cover or remove while cleaning: household cleaners with acids or abrasives will damage your jewelry’s finish. Be sure to
use rubber gloves while cleaning (we recommend doing this anyway to protect your skin) or remove your jewelry altogether.- Put your jewelry on last when getting ready: makeup, perfume, hairspray, and lotions can damage your gold. Be sure to
put these things on before your jewelry to limit the exposure.- Take jewelry off before bathing: wearing jewelry while you bathe can lead to a buildup of soap which will cause a film on
REGULAR CLEANING TIPS
When worn regularly, your gold jewelry is exposed to skin oils, perspiration, dust, makeup, and more. To keep its shine, you should clean your jewelry regularly with a solution of 10-parts warm water and 2-parts dish soap. A few extra tips:- Soaking is the key: per Real Simple, you should soak your gold jewelry pieces for 3 hours and then scrub them gently with a very soft brush. Rinse under clean water and blot dry with a cloth.- Bonus tip: for an extra shine, use a jewelry polishing cloth after this! Do not use a paper towel or tissue as these can
scratch your jewelry.- Clean with soap as needed: by all means, clean your jewelry at home; but, don’t overdo it! Only clean your jewelry as
needed when it’s visibly dirty or gathering a patina.- Other jeweler-approved cleaners: rubbing alcohol is great for cleaning and sanitizing, but stay away from bleach!- Look out for damage: during your regular jewelry cleanings, be on the lookout for any damage or loose stones. Cleaning
damaged pieces can only make the problem worse.
HOW TO STORE YOUR GOLD JEWELRY
After you’ve worn and cleaned your gold jewelry for the day, the next step in taking proper care of it is to store it properly.- Use a jewelry box: a clean, dry, fabric-lined jewelry box is the best option.- Wrap each piece in a soft cloth: If you don’t have a jewelry box, save those free phone screen clothes and use the extras to wrap each piece of your jewelry individually.- Store pieces separately: this prevents jewelry from tangling or scratching each other.
WHAT TO CONSIDER BEFORE PURCHASING GOLD
If you don’t have too many gold pieces in your wardrobe, you may want to familiarize yourself with it some more before buying any. What you need to know:- 24-karat gold isn’t all it’s hyped up to be: while many people are drawn in by the purity of 24-karat gold (99.99% pure), few people know that it’s actually too soft to be used in most jewelry.- Alloyed gold is stronger: 10-, 14-, and 18-karat golds are alloyed (mixed) with other metals to make them stronger.- Look for a quality mark: whatever quality you choose, your gold should have a quality mark with the karat value on it.
Briefly mentioned before, alloys are made when combining two or more metals. This is done to increase the strength of the base metal.
Below are several types of gold alloys that you’re probably familiar with already. Keep in mind, this list does not include all types of gold, just the most popular types:- Yellow gold: yellow gold is what most of us think of when we picture traditional gold jewelry. It’s often a mix of pure gold with silver, copper, and zinc. It’s the most hypo-allergenic and requires the least amount of maintenance of all the types of gold.- White gold: white gold is an alloy of gold with nickel or palladium, zinc and copper. It’s a popular type of gold as it’s affordable and in-line with the white-metal trend. White gold is more durable and scratch resistant than traditional yellow gold.- Rose gold: rose gold is having a moment right now in the jewelry industry. Its “not quite gold, but not quite pink” color comes from alloying gold with copper. This results in a variety of blush pink tones that are all the rage with women of all ages right now! Because of the copper content, it’s more durable than yellow and white gold.
CARE OF JEWELS
Care of silver jewellery with gilding & RODIATURE (color selection)
In order to enjoy the beauty of your jewels, in particular, to keep the coloration of silver for as long as possible, Before it returns to its natural coloration, it is important to follow some basic and very simple rules:- Store jewelry in jewellery or in a silk or velvet bag, preferably each jewel must be separated.- It is preferable not to sleep wearing the jewel.- It is preferable not to take a shower wearing the jewel.- Jewelry should not be exposed to contact with chemicals.
- The perfume can also damage the jewels, and should never be sprayed directly on the jewel.- The majority of the jewels could be damaged also by the water chlorinated, thermal and seawater, which can damage the single metal or stones which are mounted on the jewels.- The jewels should be cleaned only in solutions and cloths, especially suitable for this purpose. There is a wide choice of special cloths, solutions and creams specifically for jewelry cleaning products. If you are not sure, rather bring the jewel to be cleaned directly at our venue.
The Silver jewelry ~ General warnings
The silver jewels require care. The jewels produced in silver must not be exposed to air, but must be kept in special bags of velvet, plastic, silk or jewellery-holders. The most common problem of silver jewellery is their oxidation. The oxidation of silver jewellery is a natural process, but with proper maintenance and care it can be prevented and your jewels will always be as new. Precisely because of the oxidation of silver jewels, it tends in them to add rhodium, which prevents oxidation processes and prolongs the beauty and gloss of silver surfaces. But not even this ensures that their silver color will be beautiful and shiny invariable. This is a natural reaction of silver, it is not a production defect.
As time goes on, important jewels can become treasured family goods. Dust, pollution and daily wear, everything contributes to blurring the brightness of gemstones. The surface of the jewels in gold, platinum and silver can become opaque. Jaws and stops consumed by time can cause the loss of a stone or the whole jewel. It is advisable to make jewelry clean in a professional manner at least once a year. We suggest that you entrust our professional care to your pointed jewels. Our staff is competent and knowledgeable in every aspect of jewelry care, such as cleaning gemstones, rinfilare beads and repairing clasps and earrings.